When comparing GameMaker: Studio vs Orx, the Slant community recommends Orx for most people. In the question“What are the best 2D game engines?” Orx is ranked 4th while GameMaker: Studio is ranked 8th. The most important reason people chose Orx is:
Good friendly development community ready to help each other with tips and advice for setting up and best practices.
Ranked in these QuestionsQuestion Ranking
Pro Extremely easy to learn
GameMaker: Studio is incredibly easy to learn. It requires almost no programming knowledge which means that those without the technical experience, such as designers or artists, can create their projects without the help of a programmer.
Pro Gives developers access to a more fine-grained controle over the logic through the Game Maker Language
Game Maker Language (GML) is the primary scripting language that is interpreted similarly to Java's Just-In-Time compilation used in GameMaker. It is used to further enhance and control the design of a game through more conventional programming, as opposed to the drag and drop system.
Pro Easy to find resources/tutorials/assistance
GameMaker: Studio has a huge following, tons of people put up tutorial videos, and it's just generally easy to find help. It has a huge community.
Pro Easy cross-platform shader support
Write your own shaders in one shader language and have it automatically ported to all platforms. You can even choose a specific shader language to wield the full power of the target device.
Pro It has an IDE used for loading all of the assets
It is very easy to manage all the resources you want to put in your game, the UI widgets for each assets (sprites, sounds, backgrounds, rooms, objects and shaders) are intuitive enough for when adding or even editing the properties of each your assets. The included editors are also good and easy to use (sprite/image editors, shader editor and room editor).
Pro Cross-platform multiplayer support
There is the possibility of creating games that interact with different platforms and is not that hard.
GameMaker: Studio projects can be deployed to: HTML5, Linux, Windows, OS X, Windows Phone, Android, iOS and PS3/4/Vita.
Pro Built-in support for pixel-perfect collisions
Enabling pixel-perfect collisions on 2D sprites is so easy many will likely turn it on when maybe they might be better off without it. Regardless, it simplifies small and/or retro console-like game work. This is a feature fairly unique in this class of game engines.
Pro Easy to use
Game Maker Studios simple interface allows for rapid prototyping, and easy development.
Pro Assets can easily be found in the official marketplace
Yoyogames website has a marketplace which opens up an opportunity for people to sell or giveaway created assets and resources (sprites, scripts, sounds, extensions, full source codes, etc.) for use in GameMaker. This benefits people who needs quality assets for their games, and for creative people to provide these assets for extra income. The Marketplace has a rating system so it can eventually increase the quality and competitiveness of the assets submitted.
Pro Extremely stable
GameMaker: Studio has been around since 1999 and has been used and maintained during all this time. This makes it an extremely stable game engine.
Pro Supports 3D
There is also 3D support that doesn't interfere with the primary 2D focus.
Pro Easy to add native code to GMS
Good extension support. You can do anything with gms! You just need to know how to code natively in the respectively export (like Android).
Pro Friendly community
Good friendly development community ready to help each other with tips and advice for setting up and best practices.
Pro Powerful config system
Powerful config system that makes orx data-driven and provides an easy to use load/save system.
Pro Automatic hot-loading of resources
Automatic hot-loading of resources upon modification on disk, shortens drastically iteration times.
Pro High performance
Written in C with high emphasis on memory and CPU efficiency.
Pro Good animation engine
Includes a chaining graph & custom animation events for synchronization.
Pro Data Configuration
Orx is a Data Driven engine that greatly reduces required code. You can configure object definitions, bodies, cameras, sound, animation, event tracks, etc.
Pro Viewport scheme allowing multiple views
Camera/viewport scheme allowing multiple views displayed with camera translation, zoom and rotation.
Pro Custom shader support
GLSL code can be added straight into data configuration files and can be applied to any texture: background or objects whivh allows for some amazing effects. All GLSL versions are supported, again by providing the shader language version in your configuration file.
Parameters are supported and values over time for shader animation.
Pro Good render support
Fragment (pixel) shader support, render to texture, MRT, easy composition and custom rendering support.
Pro Flexible clock system
Clock system that provides time consistency and allows time stretching + high precision timers
Pro Flexible and simple FX
Color and translation FX are simple to configure and apply to objects.
Pro Easy post-processing/compositing for complex visual effects
Pro Integrated runtime profiler
Integrated runtime profiler (with graphical display) to easily spot which parts of your game need to be optimized.
Pro Collision handling and rigid body physics
Pro Excellent results on performance benchmark
Rated the fastest engine in the OpenFL’s BunnyMark since October 2015.
Pro Supports desktop and mobile
Supports Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, iOS and Android.
Pro Great audio support
Samples for sound effects, or streams for music. All sounds can be groups via audio buses just like in a typical DAW (Digital Audio Workstation).
All sounds can be spatial relative to the camera.
Pro Free and open source
Uses the zlib license. Lets you use Orx for free for any kind of projects, even for commercial ones.
Pro Input controls and binding
All input devices are fully supported: Joysticks, Mouse, Gamepad, Keyboard and Touchscreen. Multiple physical devices and be mapped the same binding.
Pro Screenshot capture tool
Supports .bmp, .png, .jpg, .tga and .dds
Pro Great IDE Support
Out of the box Windows support for:
- Visual Studio
Out of the box Mac support for:
Out of the box Linux support for:
Pro Well-supported C++ wrapper
Orx provides a excellent c++ wrapper for object oriented design, called: orx/Scroll. You can, of course, roll your own.
Con Exporting to some formats costs extra
You need to buy extra modules to be able to export to platforms like Android, iOS, HTML5 and others.
Con No built-in refactoring tools
There are no built-in refactoring tools. For example, you can rename a resource, but GM:S will not automatically change the mentions of it across the code to the new name. Furthermore, because all file formats are text-based, basic refactoring could be achieved by simply doing "find & replace in all files" -- which is a feature offered by pretty much every external code editor nowadays -- but no such feature here. Hitting Ctrl-F will pull up a rather odd Find/Replace box but selecting a word before hitting Ctrl-F will not autofill the Find field for you like it will in most tools. Even that you have to cut and paste yourself.
Con No GUI editor
The GUI must be hard-coded, leaving a lot of tricky calculations and jumping through hoops to accommodate different devices and displays; it's probably the least developed and hardest thing about GMS2 compared to comparable engines
Con The cost to buy for development is outrageous
The cost for this tool is hindering for indie developers who have little money to work with.
Con Bad history of ignoring critical bugs
In the past, the developer failed to update the software for iOS and Android when game-breaking updates were made to those platforms.
Con The scripting language used is quite limited
Language does not support actual objects, structs, real data types, functions, overloading, even argument naming. Developers generally have to code around the lack of these features in very tricky ways.
Con Development has been and will be cosmetic
The change from 1.x to 2.x was cosmetic, the engine and language stayed the same. The roadmap for future development is also cosmetic and includes updating the sprite editor, adding an audio editor, and adding a "mini map" for the IDE.
Con Poor level editor
No marquee select, no layers, can be glitchy, no grouping, etc.
Con Can't embed videos in game
Doesn't support embedding videos in a game.
Con Expensive for what it offers
There are several options with more flexibility, better learning resources, and a lower price point.
Con Destructive DRM
In late 2012/early 2013, YoYo Games released a version of their new Studio IDE for cross-platform development that would import games and destroy all of the image type resources for some legitimate purchasers of the software by superimposing a pirate symbol on top of the image. This was due to a fault in their digital rights management software implementation which they use as a method of combating pirated copies of the software. Though the false positives bug is reported to be fixed, the DRM is still in place and may affect placeholder graphics, etc. YoYoGames publicly stated they would remove the DRM at a later point in time, but that other less-invasive DRM techniques would remain.
Con Proprietary language forces expensive "lock in"
Because it uses GML, a very non-standard custom language, new users do not learn a transferrable language and become locked in.
Con Tends to crash or not compile games properly
Con Poor accessibility and integration
Documentation and resources largely focus on proprietary scripting language, which is necessary for achieving full potential of the software due to poor drag and drop integration.
Con No way to activate or use existing modules
Support entirely focused on new iteration depriving even basic functionality of this version with any purchase that hasn't already been activated. It is still possible, thought not intuitive, to download this version on the trail screen for GM S 2. But no purchased (wildly expensive) module can be added any longer.
Con Code editor not friendly to indented code
While the editor of course has features for intending code such as auto indent and smart tabs that can be turned on or off, these features work in unusual ways and, overall, the editor is not very adaptable to various typing styles. Also, Home always takes you to position 0 and never to the beginning of the text no matter how many times you hit it. Thus, if you hit Home and then Enter a new line, with auto indent on, it will always mess up the indentation on the line following the new line leaving you to fudge around to fix it manually. If you prefer tabs over spaces, forget it. Finally, if you leave the GameMaker app and try to click back into the code editor, the code editor will not fully get the focus sometimes leaving you with the ability to type but not tab. It usually takes two clicks to fully focus the code editor from outside the GM app.
Con This is very flat for games
They are not beautiful - for example, Undertale.
Con Owned by a gambling company, Playtech
As opposed to other engines, which are open source or owned by game companies, GameMaker is developed by YoYoGames, which is owned by Playtech, a gambling software company.
Con Feature discovery and explanation could be better
Some features are not well explained / highlighted: for example, unless you use the interactive project initialization, you have to go over the tutorials and examples in the wiki to learn that there is an optional C++ layer, Scroll, developed on top of the C API. Similarly, some major information are missing from the website, wiki and Doxygen documention, and are left for the users to discover in source headers and INI template files, or by searching the forum (e.g. the 0,0 coordinate being the center of the screen and not top left, the list of all Orx scalar types and their use, etc).