When comparing Gallium OS vs Artix Linux, the Slant community recommends Artix Linux for most people. In the question“What is the best desktop OS?” Artix Linux is ranked 4th while Gallium OS is ranked 34th.
Ranked in these QuestionsQuestion Ranking
Pro Chromebook hardware support baked in
Many things work out of the box that do not with other distros, such as touchscreens.
Pro Chromebook specific OS
Gallium OS is engineered with Chromebook hardware in mind to make the best use of Chromebook CPU's, limited RAM, and storage limitations.
Pro Easy to install
Using chrx on Chromebook there are only two or three straightforward steps to get Gallium OS running.
Pro Dual boot
Installation option to dual-boot GalliumOS alongside ChromeOS.
Pro No systemd
Pro Close to bare Arch Linux
No learning curve if you're coming from Arch or any of its derivatives
You can have a functional system in less than 10 mins using GUI installer OR you can do it "the Arch way"
Artix actively supports the runit init system known from Void Linux. (Equally besides the OpenRC init system known from Gentoo.)
Pro Rolling distro
Only the software you would need like Terminal emulator, file manager, media player and a browser.
Con Not the best looking UI
It's not the best in terms of UI but you can always install themes
Con Few Arch packages might not be available yet
Developers are working migrating all packages into their own repositories while ensuring there's no systemd malware.