When comparing ActFramework vs FastAPI, the Slant community recommends FastAPI for most people. In the question“What are the best web frameworks to create a web REST API?” FastAPI is ranked 6th while ActFramework is ranked 21st. The most important reason people chose FastAPI is:
It is based on standards: OpenAPI, JSON Schema and OAuth 2.0.
Ranked in these QuestionsQuestion Ranking
There are two aspects of performance: how quick a developer can deliver a feature and how fast the app is running on the product server. Act is designed to deliver excellent results in both aspects. With unbeatable developing experience, Act makes it very easy to release a feature; on the other side Act is very fast in runtime. Check out this 3rd party benchmark result.
Pro Hot reload
You never restart while you're working on your Act application. Act's hot reload feature is fast and stable, it makes you feel like dealing with scripting language frameworks like Django or NodeJs. Watch this video and feel it.
Act is built as a stateless framework. It supports horizontal scale.
Act is built as a secure product. It provides built-in CSRF/XSS prevention mechanism. And act-aaa makes it very easy to implement Authentication/Authorization/Auditing in your app.
Pro Superb RESTful support
Act makes creating RESTful service a kids game. It features AdaptiveRecord (allows front end to drive the data structure), JSON response control (just declare the fields you want to present or hide) and RESTful URL routing with path variables.
Pro Easy to deploy
ActFramework is not a servlet framework and there are no requirements on containers/app servers. It has a small package size (a helloworld distribution package size is less than 20 MB), a small memory feet print (a helloworld app heap usage is less than 20MB) and a fast boot up speed (a helloworld app starts in less than 3s).
Act's view architecture is very flexible and support using multiple view engines in your app. The default template engine is Rythm, a very developer friendly and powerful template engine. Act also support other templating solutions including freemarker, velocity, thymeleaf, and mustache via plugins.
Pro Configuration for multiple environments
Act supports load configuration from a common dir and then overwriting it from a profile dir. Makes it very easy to manage configurations in different environments (e.g., dev, uat, sit, prod) Watch this video to see the innovative way Act delivers its configuration support.
Pro Concise and expressive
Act does not require you to put Annotation when it is able to infer the intention from other parts of the code, i.e., you don't use
@RequestParam to tell Act the binding parameter name. And you don't need a
ModelMap to bind variables to render argument names. Act has sophisticated byte class scanner to detect the variable names to do bindings automatically.
Pro Comply to standards
Act's IoC is built on top of Genie, a fast dependency injection library that fully supports JSR330, and Act's validation solution is built on top of JSR303. Act is NOT an odd framework to most Java developers. Unlike Play1.x, ACT applications follow the standard maven project structure and it is very easy to integrate other Java libraries.
Pro Database access
Act's DB layer is extremely easy to use. It supports SQL databases (through ebean orm) and MongoDB (through morphia). Using multiple datasource can never be that easy with Act's DB layer. Go here for more information on this.
Pro Fast and flexible routing
You can configure your routing in either Spring MVC/Jersey style with annotation or Play style with route table or a combination of both. Act's routing supports RESTful URL path variables, optionally validated with regular expressions.
It is based on standards: OpenAPI, JSON Schema and OAuth 2.0.
Pro Dependency injection
It has a simple but powerful dependency injection system, it can be used to handle authentication, per-user rate limiting, authorization controls (e.g. with roles), etc.
Pro Editor completion
It is based on Python type declarations, so, editors and tools can give great support. Including type checks and autocompletion everywhere.
Pro Automatic docs
It generates interactive API documentation automatically from your code.
It's based on Starlette and Pydantic, so, it's one of the fastest Python frameworks.
Pro Async IO / optional
It's based on Async IO, which gives it high concurrency. But you can use non-async libraries and it runs them appropriately.
Pro Database independent
It's independent of database or ORM, but compatible with all of them. Including relational databases and NoSQL.
Pro World class documentation
It has some of the best documentation of any framework.
Pro OAuth 2.0
It has integrated support for OAuth 2.0. Including declaring required scopes per endpoint. So, you can easily integrate it with external OAuth 2.0 providers or build your own with it.
Pro Background tasks
Included support for background tasks, thanks to being based on Starlette.
Because it's an async framework, it can handle async-native protocols like WebSockets.
Pro Data validation
It validates the data using the types you declared. Even in deeply nested JSON requests.
Pro Supports GraphQL
Python's graphene library is included as an optional dependency meaning that GraphQL API's are supported out of the box, with no additional tweaking needed.
Pro One of the fastest growing communities
Pro Fast is Really Fast!
It's easy to develop API based applications in Python on deadlines for Android and IOS Development.
Con Incomplete microservice support
Although Act is built to be a great framework that supports microservice development, it lacks some of the key features at the moment, like sending requests to other microservices from within the app, service governance, and messaging handling.
Con Very small community
As of February 2017, Act is a brand new framework (even though the project started at the end of 2014). Community is still forming.
Con Functional testing support still under development
Developers are still working on innovative functional testing support for Act.
Con Documentation is still being written
Act's documentation is still under development.
Con Smaller community
Since FastAPI is relatively new, its community is smaller than Django Rest Framework.