When comparing Eclipse Che vs Google Cloud Shell, the Slant community recommends Eclipse Che for most people. In the question“What are the best cloud IDEs?” Eclipse Che is ranked 8th while Google Cloud Shell is ranked 10th. The most important reason people chose Eclipse Che is:
Ranked in these QuestionsQuestion Ranking
Pro Docker runtimes
Pro SSH + terminal
Built-in terminal with root access so I can make changes to my running machines. Although I don't use it often being able to SSH into the workspace so I can use a desktop IDE is handy.
Pro GIT and SVN VCS support
Projects can be easily imported from any Git or Svn repository hosting service.
Pro Reproducible environment
Pro Custom commands
I like that I can package up custom commands with my workspace and then use them (or share them) with everyone else.
Pro Portable workspaces
The workspace in Che includes project sources, IDE and the runtime. So if you hand your Che workspace definition to another user and they execute it they will get everything they need to build, run and debug the project.
Also the runtime is in a Docker container so it will work even if the second user is on a different OS than the original user who shared their workspace with them.
Che does a nice job to automatically map the service:port running in my Docker container (e.g. tomcat on 8080) to the Docker port it actually uses (something in the ephemeral range). I never need to figure that out - it's just made available to me when I run my server.
Pro Merge tool for VCS
Pro Open Source
Pro Already has Google Cloud SDK and other tooling installed
Thus eliminating a setup step for interacting with Google Cloud.
Pro Already provisioned with Google Application Default Credentials
This makes it easier to run/test code that interacts with Google APIs.
Pro Includes Eclipse Orion IDE already configured
Eclipse Orion can be difficult to setup/configure if creating a do-it-yourself VM running Eclipse. This makes it easier to have a working IDE.
Google Cloud Shell is free for Google Cloud Platform customers.
Pro Supports multiple open files at the same time
One can split the screen and edit two files at once, making it easy to edit one file while consulting the contents of some other file.
Pro Supports editor and terminal in the same screen
This makes it easy to run commands while editing files at the same time.
Pro Supports "Boost Mode"
Allowing you to provision a more powerful instance when necessary.
Con Slow runtime
Online IDE is much slower than desktop one.
Con Minimal UI
Cloud Shell's editor is not as featureful as some alternatives.
Con Ephemeral Disk
Software installed globally as root (such as via "sudo apt-get install..." ) can be lost when restarting Cloud Shell; any software that needs to be persistent has to be installed in the user directory.