When comparing Android vs macOS, the Slant community recommends Android for most people. In the question“What are the best Operating Systems for x86 PCs?” Android is ranked 11th while macOS is ranked 18th. The most important reason people chose Android is:
The AOSP (Android Open Source Project) is the software stack for the Android OS. It is led by Google. The fact that Android is an open source software has led to many custom Android variants. It also is a big assurance of Android's safety in terms of privacy.
Ranked in these QuestionsQuestion Ranking
Pro Open source
The AOSP (Android Open Source Project) is the software stack for the Android OS. It is led by Google.
The fact that Android is an open source software has led to many custom Android variants. It also is a big assurance of Android's safety in terms of privacy.
Pro Customize what apps perform what actions
Android gives users the ability to define which apps perform which action. For example, if an Android device has several browsers installed, the user can choose a default one which will start every time a link is for example opened from another app.
Pro Lots of hardware choices
There are about 18000 released devices that run on Android. This means that a user familiar with Android can have a large variety of devices from which they can choose.
Pro Highly customizable
One of the massive benefits of Android being open-sourced are all the modifications you can make to the phone to customise pretty much anything. Some of the cooler things you can do are:
Pro Integration with Google Services
For those that already use Google's services, like Google Maps and GMail, Android offers tighter integration with those services than any of the alternatives, and saves users the need to create extra accounts.
Pro More integrated sharing options
Pro Desktop and lockscreen widgets
Desktop widgets provide quick access to the information you need quickly and access the most. These are available out of the box, and can be developed by anyone. Widgets on the lockscreen have been removed since the Lollipop update, but is available on 3rd party lockscreens such as AC Display and KK Locker.
Pro The most widely used mobile OS
Built in text to speech is provided by TalkBack for people with low or no vision. Enhancements for people with hearing disabilities are available as are other aids.
Pro Personal assistant with Google Now
Google Now is an intelligent personal assistant available within the Google Search mobile application for the Android and iOS operating systems. It's software that makes your life more convenient by giving you all the information you need at any moment.
Pro Not bound to Google
It is fully working without the play store or the Google play services.
Pro Sideloading of apps
You can sideload apps.
You can root your phone to get full access.
Pro Great user experience right out of the box
Pro Consistent back button makes navigation easy
Pro supports plenty of peripherals
You can use external displays with MHL, HDMI, DP or miracast. It supports external storage devices like microSD cards or USB OTG devices. You can also use almost any kind of USB or bluetooth input devices like keyboards, mice or game controllers.
Pro Security updates
Android does frequent updates to keep users secure.
Pro Cheap phones
Android phones can cost little as $100.
Pro Gesture based interface
Since Android 10 you can use gestures to control the OS.
Pro No Backdoors
Since Android is written by a worldwide community of developers it is very unlikly that backdoorss exist for any local governments.
There are major versions of android however the most important components are modular and get frequently updated.
Pro Built-in screen recording
Android 5.0.+ supports screen recording via a new api.
Android 4.4 KitKat supports screen recording accessible via an ADB command on unrooted devices.
Pro Customizable multiple "desktops"
Can customize the home screens with widgets (not just a grid of apps like iOS).
Pro Highly secure core system
Since Android is open source and developed worldwide, anyone can read the code and there are no government forced backdoors.
Pro It's all yours
You can do anything you want with YOUR phone...
Pro Polished UI
The UI of Mac OS is rather unrivaled. The smooth, responsive, and cohesive UI makes the system quite joyous to use.
Pro Based on Unix
macOS being a UNIX certified system means that you can install a lot more stuff with a lot fewer headaches than if you were on Windows.
Pro Powerful terminal
It's very similar to a Linux terminal.
Pro Great Git GUI tools
Tower, Kaleidoscope, SourceTree
Pro Best support for Objective-C
Pro More commercial software and gaming support compared to other Unix systems
Adobe CC, MS Office, Steam games.
Pro Has many special tools for developers
Has support for multiple IDEs
Pro Easy access to lots of great dev tools
There's a large selection of great development tools available for OSX. The operating system itself comes bundled with a powerful terminal emulator, called Terminal. Additionally, Apple provides tools, like Xcode, an IDE that contains a comprehensive collection of tools for developing OSX and iOS software, for free.
Pro Lots of open-source software available
Because it's Unix under the fancy GUI, most open source ports easily to it.
Pro Ideal setup, out of the box
Next to no custom configuration is necessary.
Pro Has software that only runs on Mac
For example, Sketch.
Pro Streamlined workflow between devices
Because this is an Apple product, there is a streamlined workflow between your computer and all mobile devices. For example, if you type an a Pages document, once you save, you can open the updated document just moments later on your iPad, and vice versa. The same goes for iMessage, (yes, you can text people with your phone number from your computer. Actually, you can text other people with apple devices with just your Apple ID, with or without a phone number, for free!) Numbers, Notes, Reminders, Contacts, and just about any other Apple workflow application.
Pro Great modifier key layout
Pro Using VMware you can also run Windows 10 on the Mac
This is useful for testing and some development tools that are Windows-only (XML Spy, MapForce).
Pro You need it to compile macOS or iOS apps
Con Fragmentation and security flaws due to negligence.
Most Android phones seem to be released on a "Let's release a few software updates until we release the next phone, and never push out an update again." For example, In May 2014, 8.5% of phones were Kitkat, 60.8% were spread out between three versions of jellybean (with bias towards older versions), and the another 20% spread out over ICS, Honeycomb, Gingerbread, and Froyo.
Google no longer maintains Android 4.3 or prior and serious security exploits remain in those versions. Device manufacturers are also taking no action, which leaves almost a billion Android users exposed.
You may also encounter lingering and unfixed bugs, glitches, etc. as a result of the manufacturer's and Google's lack of interest in older versions.
Some flagship phones are well supported into the future, but the fact that your phone won't be supported by its manufacturer and/or Google is a consideration you must make when purchasing an Android phone.
Con Wide variety of phones forces variance in quality
While there are many great Android phones, there are also many Android phones that lack in both hardware and software. When purchasing Android phones, a consumer might want to do some research first - especially when buying on a budget. Not only do you have to worry about shotty hardware or poor quality testing, manufacturers tend to tinker with the software on phones. More often than not this leads to poor performance, unintuitive 'features', slower (or complete lack of) updates, and custom software that detracts from the user's experience.
Con Not really open source
Although the AOSP exists, your phone is most likely running a proprietary edition of Android, with the added bonus that most components of the AOSP (mainly software libraries) are closed-source.
Con Difficult to use for pro audio
there are also now plenty of phones for audiphiles like the LG V50 with its quad DAC.
Con Limited hardware
Usually, the hardware that can run this can't be upgraded.
OSX is tied Apple hardware and Apple hardware tends to be expensive for what it gives.
Con Most software is closed source
For people who like to use open source tools for their development work, this may be a problem. There's plenty of advantages to open source software, one of which is the ability to tinker with and customize the tools themselves that you are using. Although there's plenty of FOSS tools available for Mac, especially through Homebrew, the number of packages available is much lower than the number of packages available for any Linux distribution.
Con Closed source
Mac OS is closed source itself, which means that it is developed more slowly and has more problems
Con No native package management
A comparison of package managers available for OSX can be found here.
Con Bash version is obsolete
macOS comes with an obsolete version of Bash, due to licensing issues.
You are now forced to use the Apple services.
Con Poor application support
Fewer apps run on Mac OS than on Windows or Linux
Con Very few options for running hosted, on the cloud
Con Too little customization options
Con Silly modifier keys layout
The Command key is strange, Alt is where Super should be.
Con Lacks software
there are plenty of apps (esp. freeware) that exist for windows but not for mac os.
Con Not very user-friendly
Con poor X11 integration
The most open source software does work but is very poorly integrated due apples ancient version of the X-server.