When comparing GNU Privacy Guard vs VeraCrypt, the Slant community recommends GNU Privacy Guard for most people. In the question“What are the best file encryption tools?” GNU Privacy Guard is ranked 1st while VeraCrypt is ranked 2nd. The most important reason people chose GNU Privacy Guard is:
GPG works on OS X, Linux, and Windows with [extensive selection of wrappers](https://www.gnupg.org/related_software/frontends.html).
Ranked in these QuestionsQuestion Ranking
GPG works on OS X, Linux, and Windows with extensive selection of wrappers.
Pro Multiple types of encryption algorithms
GPG supports public key cryptography (RSA EIGamal, DSA), symmetrical key algorithms (Blowfish, AES, IDEA, etc), cryptographic hash functions (RIPEMD, SHA), and compression (ZIP, ZLIB, BZIP2).
Pro Supports paired keys
Allows for encrypted communication.
Pro Volume and individual file encryption
With GPG you can encrypt you whole volume or files individually.
Pro Supports expiring signatures
GPG keys by default expire after a set amount of time. The amount can be changed and this feature can be turned off.
Pro Both CLI and GUI versions available
GPG can be installed as a command line tool, or you can choose between several different GUI frontends available for it.
Pro Open-source and battle-tested
GPG is the oldest and most reliable encryption software available.
This project is free and users are encouraged to donate something to keep the project going.
Pro Easy to use
It's easy to understand and use.
Pro Regular updates
Veracrypt is in active development with constant and regular updates and several external audits in the planning stages.
Veracrypt is supported on MacOS, Linux and Windows.
Pro Open source code
The source code is open to review. It has already had a security audit and it did well, with small problems fixed by authors within days of being reported. Its predecessor source, Truecrypt, had a detailed audit that found its capabilities sound, completed (ironically) shortly before the TC folks decided to call it quits. Anyone skeptical or curious about what it does can see how it works, at the gut level.
Pro On-the-fly encryption
Veracrypt is an on-the-fly encryption tool. Meaning that it decrypts files only when they are needed and that the files are otherwise kept encrypted the rest of the time.
Pro Several encryption cyphers supported
Supports AES, TwoFish and Serpent encryption cyphers.
Pro Built on top of TrueCrypt
Pro Support for AES code in CPU
Most Intel and AMD (and possibly other) CPUs have AES specific instruction sets, so you needn't task the CPU during the en/de/crypt process when using AES, VC throughput is as if the code were in 'firmware'; you can see the effect if you choose anything but AES as your cipher.
Con It may be hard to find a GUI frontend that suits your needs
If you decide not to use the CLI version of GPG, it may be hard to find a GPG GUI version that suits your needs simply because of the sheer number of different versions available.
Con Can't create volumes on the Mac.
The password used to create the volume doesn't open the volume one minute later. VeraCrypt 1.21/FUSE 3.82/macOS 10.12.6. Recreated on 3 Macs now. Unusable.
Con Not plug and play
Requires some tech savvy, so some skill is required, particularly if things go wrong. In the Windows world different UEFI implementations can cause problems in one, not in others, and the solutions are not uniform between issues. For Bitlocker, Microsoft worked out issues with vendors before hand, so if Windows installs and works without bitlocker, it will likely work with it.
Con The UI is not compliant with the Mac
This program does not use Mac UI standards. Nevertheless, it is acceptable.