Ranked in these QuestionsQuestion Ranking
Pro Small output
Fay produces smaller output than pure Haskell compilers such as GHCJS; It does not need to include the whole Haskell runtime, as it drops support for features such as multi-threading, giving it fewer dependencies.
Pro Simple, flexible, hackable FFI
max = ffi "Math.round(%1,%2)"
concat, though they must expose an explicit number of parameters to Fay.
Pro Easy to set up, with packages available on Cabal
Fay is available on Cabal, as are Fay packages, so getting up and running is as simple as typing 'cabal install'. Happstack, Snap, and Yesod packages are available on Hackage, as are bindings for JQuery and Backbone.
Pro Subset of Haskell - nothing new to learn
Since Fay is a subset of Haskell - Lazy, statically typed, and pure by default. There's no new syntax to learn, and no surprises when it comes to the semantics of your code. This extends into function names as well - Fay programmers can use familiar functions such as
Pro Superior type inference
Ocaml type inference is so smart that you never have to repeat yourself and keep code very clean, type errors also are very pleasant
Pro Immutability with escape hatches
reason includes true immutability, but it has escape hatches to let you use mutations in exceptional cases.
The same reasonml code can compile to js (eg. run on browsers or node.js, use any lib in npm), or compile to assembly thru ocaml (unless of course you load js externals), running on any device, with C-comparable (or better) performance.
Pro JSX syntax natively supoorted
reason was created by the creator of react, for developers already using JSX to template web or native UIs this results very familiar
Con No typeclasses
This can cause some overhead.
Con A standard async syntax is pending
Async syntax is not standard across native/js projects and in both cases a bit awkward for non-ocaml devs. Currently this is reasonml most voted issue in their GitHub repo so hopefully, there's news soon.